Bone Density
Jackson Orthopedic Specialists offers the most complete and thorough bone density testing in this area with vertebral assessment, fracture risk assessment with our state of the art bone densitometry machine along with blood testing for calcium and vitamin D deficiency.

Dr. Doane is a certified clinical densitometrist (CCD) with the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD).

What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a potentially crippling disease that affects over 54 million Americans. Osteoporosis is often called the “silent disease”, because bone loss happens without any symptoms, in contrast to Osteoarthritis which is degeneration of the cartilage in a joint and usually causes symptoms such as swelling and pain. You do not feel osteoporosis until there is a fracture caused by it. Osteoporosis occurs when bone loss is so severe it causes bones to become porous, brittle and more likely to break. If not prevented or if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks.

Any bone can be affected, but fractures of the hip and spine are especially concerning. Hip fractures can devastate a person’s ability to walk unassisted, and in 50 percent of the cases a person may never regain their independence. Hip fractures may cause prolonged or permanent disability and sometimes death. Spinal or vertebral fractures also have serious consequences, including loss of height, severe back pain, and deformity.

What Are Our Bones Made Of?
Building strong bones during childhood and adolescence can be the best defense against developing osteoporosis. Bone is a living tissue and is constantly changing. The bones in our skeleton are made of a thick outer shell and a strong inner mesh filled with collagen (protein), calcium salts and other minerals. The inside looks like honeycomb, with blood vessels and bone marrow in the spaces between the bone. Old, worn out bone is broken down by cells called osteoclasts and replaced by bone building cells, called osteoblasts which means your body keeps your bones strong by replacing old bone with new bone. This process of renewal is called bone turnover.

When osteoporosis occurs, the holes between the bone become larger and the body begins to lose more bone than it can replace, making the bones weaker. Weak bones are more likely to fracture. Osteoporosis usually affects the whole skeleton but it most commonly causes breaks or fractures in the spine, hip and forearm.

Facts and Statistics
Lifetime risk – 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men will experience osteoporotic fractures.
More than 2 million fractures occur related to osteoporosis each year
30% of women and 20% of men over 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures.
Women who develop a vertebral fracture are at substantial risk for additional fracture within the next year.
The combined lifetime risk for hip, forearm and vertebral fractures is around 40%, equivalent to the risk for cardiovascular disease.
In white women, the lifetime risk of hip fracture is 1 in 6, compared with a 1 in 9 risk of a diagnosis of breast cancer

Risk Factors
If you smoke or drink too much alcohol, you are at a greater risk of developing osteoporosis.
The older you are the greater risk you have of thinning bones.
Women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis because of the changes that occur during menopause.
If you have a family history of osteoporosis or hip fracture.
Caucasian and Asian women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis.
Small-boned women weighing less than 127 pounds are at greater risk.
Early menopause brought on naturally or because of surgery increases your risk of developing osteoporosis.
Low Calcium and/or Vitamin D intake
If you have or are currently taking Prednisone or other corticosteroids for a long time.

Patient Resources:
National Osteoporosis Foundation
FRAX- Fracture Risk Assessment Tool
Patient Guide for Bone Density Testing

Please download, complete and bring form in for your scheduled bone density test.
Download Bone Density Form